Cardiff, or as in Welsh, Caerdydd, is , as London, a capital city. The capital of Wales is located on the country’s south coast and with a population of 328,400 also its largest city.
Sitting on three rivers, the Taff, Ely and Rhymney makes the city an ideal spot for trade. The first peoples to take advantage of this were the Romans. They erected a fort, on the location of the current Cardiff Castle, in AD55-60. The fort survived until AD350-375, when the Romans left and some of the walls remain today.
The Romans were later replaced by the Vikings and then Normans and the castle keep was started in 1091. The castle has remained the heart of the city since. The original wooden castle was replaced in stone, by the then Duke of Gloucester, in the 12th century.
The medieval town developed from this time until it was destroyed in the 15th century by the Welsh army led by Owain Glyndwyr. The town was again rebuilt.
In the 16th century when England and Wales were formally joined, Cardiff became the county town of Glamorganshire.
The last battle in Wales occurred when the Royalist army was defeated by the Parliamentarians in the Civil War, in 1648.
In 1840 the railway arrived with the first route to Abercynon which was extended to Merthyr Tydfil in 1841.
It was not until the 19th century that Cardiff became of national importance when coal was exported from the port. The Glamorganshire Canal was built from Merthyr Tydfil to Cardiff docks so that the coal from the Rhondha coal fields could be transported more easily.
Administrative buildings and first modern shopping outlets were constructed during the 19th century. Also during this period the famous sporting clubs and venues started to emerge.
The late 19th century/early 20th century saw Cardiff become the largest exporter of coal in the world and in recognition of this Edward VII bestowed city status on the town in 1905. The port reached its peak in 1913 and was important through two world wars. The coal industry started to decline in the 1970s.
In 1910 Captain Scott left Cardiff on his ill fated South Pole expedition in his ship the Terra Nova.
In 1955 Cardiff was made capital of Wales.
The aftermath of the coal industry saw Cardiff develop into a modern city based on financial, engineering, tourism and retail industries.
The British Commonwealth and Empire Games was hosted by Cardiff in 1958.
1997 saw some Westminster powers devolved to Wales and a new Assembly building was planned and built in the city. The 21st Century city is a dynamic centre for business, retail and tourism.
Things to do:
As the capital and largest city in Wales it is taken that there is a wealth of interesting and diverse activities to enjoy. The following are worth noting:-
Located in Castle Street in the centre of the city the castle is the dominant building of the capital. Within the walls you can see the keep, the war time shelters, a film presentation and the apartments. Welsh banquets can be booked and there is also a café and shop.
St. Fagan’s National History Museum:
Is a fascinating open air museum which gives a visual insight into how the Welsh people lived and worked over the past centuries. It is based in St. Fagan’s Castle a 16th century manor house and contains over 40 original, historic buildings, fields and farmyards.
Working craftsmen and skills are on show every day. The Welsh language can be heard and music and dance events are held.
Doctor Who Experience:
is based at Discovery Quay on Cardiff Docks. It is a hands on experience and time travel in the Tardis with the doctor introduces you to the scariest creatures from the TV series.
The doctor’s costumes from 1963 to the present are on display.
There is an on-site café.
World of Boats:
Boats from around the world and a large collection of historical British vessels can be seen at this exhibition at Porth Teigr on Cardiff Bay.
In a tranquil setting beside the River Taff this beautiful building sits on one of the oldest Christian sites in Britain.
National Museum of Wales:
In the city centre. As well as telling the evolution of Wales the museum also houses galleries of porcelain, European paintings, sculpture, archaeology and natural history.
Worth visiting near the city are:-
The Big Pit:
Is a national coal museum and is a real mine. Ex-miners take you on a tour of the mine way underground and you walk along the roads, the pit ponies stables, the engine rooms etc.. Above ground you can visit the colliery buildings, blacksmiths and the pit baths. The pit based at Blaenavon also has a café.
This 13th century moated castle is second only to Windsor in size in Britain. Although a ruin it has had some restoration and well worth a visit.
The town of Caerphilly with a population of 30,388 is a bustling town with good road and rail connections.
Porthcawl and Barry Island:
Traditional seaside resorts with traditional seaside amusements sit on the coast not far from the city.
You are spoilt for choice with the variety of sporting activity in the Welsh capital.
It is the home of Welsh Rugby Union and its magnificent home is the Millennium Stadium located right in the city centre. The Six Nations competition is held here together with Rugby League internationals.
Cardiff International Sports Village hosts Cardiff Devils Ice Hockey team and International White Water facilities.
The city also boasts a 50 metre pool in the International Swimming Complex.
Glamorgan County Cricket Club is based in the city and other sports such as golf, rowing, mountain biking and badminton etc. are well catered for.
A capital city is expected to have a night scene and Cardiff doesn’t disappoint.
All night bars with live music and clubs for dancing exist with St. Mary Street and Greyfriars Road areas being in the centre of things. Genres such as R & B, Dance and House are to the fore.
Good pubs can be found throughout the city with DJ’s and live bands for entertainment.
Casinos are available, which also serve food.
There is a lively gay scene with many pubs and bars throughout the city centre.
St. David’s Hall is an excellent entertainment venue. It hosts rock and classical music concerts, together with comedy nights, and is a conference centre and even hosts tea dances.
The New Theatre in Park Place stages musicals and plays throughout the year.
Modern and contemporary theatre can be found at the Everyman’s Theatre.
For film buffs the Cineworld, Vue and Odeon chains screen a variety of new and classic movies.
Being the capital of Wales, it is expected that Welsh food plays a part in Cardiff cuisine. City centre locations such as Mill Lane, St. Mary Street, Brewery Quarter and East Side in St. David’s have a range of cafes and restaurants offering dishes from South America, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Thailand and Indian sub-continent.
Cardiff Bay offers French, Chinese and Turkish delights and Welsh food is on the menu at Mimosa and also Ffresh.
Local cafes and national food chains are in abundance.
As would be expected the city is the leading shopping city in Wales, and named sixth in UK, with major department stores such as John Lewis, House of Fraser and Debenhams. There are also some interesting arcades including Royal, Wyndham, Morgan, Castle, Duke Street and High Street. Morgan Arcade contains the world’s oldest record shop and shops selling typical Welsh wares are spread throughout the arcades.
National chains and independent shops, together with cafes, bars etc. for lunches are available to complete a great city centre shopping experience.
Mermaid Quay at Cardiff Bay and markets are also worth a visit.
With over eighty hotels and guest houses to choose from the visitor is spoilt for choice. International and national hotel chains, local inns and cosy guest houses are available for those who prefer quieter surroundings. All these accommodations are spread through the city centre, suburbs and local countryside.
With fast trains from London Paddington to Cardiff Central Station and connections to all areas of Great Britain, the city is easily accessible for an enjoyable weekend break. Arriva operate a substantial service throughout Wales. Check www.nationalrail.co.uk
With the bus station located next to the central railway station and stops throughout the city centre bus travel is a good way to get around the capital.
All suburbs and local towns and villages are served.
National Express run services from Cardiff to rest of country.
With the M4, starting in London and finishing at Swansea, running around the northern edge of the city, it is easy to arrive and leave.
The M4 links with the M5 over the River Severn giving further good connections to the South West and the rest of UK.
A good local network of roads gives excellent access to local towns and countryside.
A dozen or so taxi firms based in the city can get you around from station or airport or city centre to anywhere throughout Cardiff.
Located just twelve miles from the city centre, in the Vale of Glamorgan, the city centre is easily accessible by rail, bus or taxi.
The airport itself has routes to all corners of the UK and Europe and good connections to rest of the world.
Stadium: Cardiff City Stadium, Leckwith Road, Cardiff, CF11 8AZ
Joined League: 1920
Chairman:- Vincent Tann
Manager: Neil Warnock
Current League: Championship
Phone number:- 0845 365 1115
Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fans Forum:- www.cardiffcityforum.co.uk
Although formed in 1899 the club did not have a good enough ground to play at a reasonable level regularly. The club invited teams from the Southern League to play friendly matches.
The name of Cardiff City was taken up in 1908 and a ground was found at Sloper Road but needed work carried out to bring up to sufficient standard. In 1910 the club joined the Second Division of the Southern League and with financial guarantees from Lord Ninian Chrichton-Stuart the ground was re formed and called Ninian Park.
Two years later the club was promoted to Southern League Division One where they remained until being invited to join the Football League Division 2 in 1920.
The first League season was a very exciting time as City gained promotion at their first attempt and reached the FA Cup semi-finals. This tie was against Wolverhampton Wanderers, at Anfield, Liverpool, and for the first time ever a reigning monarch, George V and his wife, Queen Mary, attended a football match. Sadly City did not reach the Cup Final as they were beaten 1-2 at the Old Trafford replay, after a 0-0 initial draw.
Another fantastic season in 1923/24 saw the club miss out on winning the League championship by the slimmest margin ever.
1924/25 saw a first Wembley FA Cup final for the Bluebirds but they were thwarted by four times previous winners Sheffield United. However, season 1926/27 saw the FA Cup leave England, on St. George’s Day 1927, for the first and only time, when City beat Arsenal 1-0 at Wembley. This Cup Final was the first to be broadcast on radio. This success was followed by the club also winning the Welsh Cup and Charity Shield.
Unfortunately, after a very successful decade, the rot set in when the club were relegated in 1929 followed by another relegation two years later. Even worse, the club had to apply for re-election in 1934 and in 1937 the main stand at Ninian Park burnt down.
Post second world war saw promotion out of Division 3 South in 1947 and then promotion back to the top flight in 1951/52.
A roller coaster existence started to be a feature now with the club switching Divisions on a fairly regular basis. However, by being from Wales and being the biggest club over the border, meant much success in the Welsh Cup, which was an entry key to playing in Europe through the European Cup Winners Cup competition. Esbjerg, Sporting Lisbon, Standard Liege, Shamrock Rovers, Moscow Torpedo and Real Zaragoza were among the foreign competition. Then to cap it all a tie against Real Madrid at Ninian Park, in 1971, which Real won 2-0.
League wise the clubs fortunes were mixed and the club sunk to the basement level of the League, Division Four, but promotion from that Division in 1999 saw the club’s fortunes in the ascendancy again. By 2003/04 they finished a healthy mid table in the Championship.
2008 saw another FA Cup final for the club but they were beaten by Portsmouth. 2009 and a new stadium was moved into, one hundred years after first moving into Ninian Park.
After near misses Cardiff City were promoted to the Premiership in 2012/13 but after just one season a return to the Championship brought massive disappointment. This Premiership season saw the Bluebird’s team strip change from Blue to Red, but that is another story.
Season 2017/18 saw the club promoted back to Premier League. However, after just one season were relegated back to the Championship.
FA Cup winners: 1927
Charity Shield: 1927
Away fans should purchase tickets from their own club.
Tickets currently have three category price bands ranging from Category A as most expensive to Category C as the cheapest.
For further information on tickets the club can be contacted by phone on 0845 345 1400 or on line through the club official web site or by visiting the ticket office in person. The ticket office is located in the West Stand.
Based in the Leckwith area of Cardiff the stadium is easily accessible.
The club has special buses running on match day from the city centre to the stadium every 20 minutes.
Service buses 1 & 2 are circular routes which cover both the city centre and the stadium.
Service buses 4 & 5 run from Bute Street to the stadium via the central bus station and nearby central Railway Street.
Service buses 95/95A run from Barry to Heath Hospital via Leckwith.
National Express run routes from cities and towns throughout the UK to Cardiff.
The nearest preferable station to use is Grangetown which is one mile and a 15-20 minute walk to the ground. Trains using this station are from Bridgend/Cardiff Airport, Barry, Penarth and Cardiff Central. You will need to change at Cardiff Central for the ground if you are originally travelling from Swansea, London Paddington, Bristol, South West, South East England, Birmingham and towns and cities further north.
There is a station at Ninian Park which has trains arriving up to match times but not until an hour after the match for return journeys.
As with most English/Welsh football grounds arriving by car is less encouraged than by other forms of transport.
Nearly all visitors will use the M4 motorway and should exit at junction 33 and take the A4232 towards the centre of Cardiff and Barry and look for the appropriate signage to the stadium on route.
Parking at the stadium is chiefly for season ticket holders and the rest is on a first come basis. There is some further car parking arranged a little further from the stadium details for which are in the Cardiff City Away Pack., available on line.
Cycling, Walking and Taxi.
There is secure parking facilities for bikes at the stadium.
Walking from Cardiff Central Station takes approximately half hour and care should be taken, especially going to evening matches.
Alternatively, a taxi can be taken from all areas of the city to the ground.
Cardiff City FC like many other old established clubs realised that to survive and move forward, a new stadium was required. So, Ninian Park was vacated in 2009 and the club moved into the brand new Cardiff City Stadium a couple of hundred yards away from Ninian Park. The stadium is, after the Millennium Stadium, the second biggest in Wales. The current capacity is 33280 and Welsh International Football matches are held here.
The stadium is made up of four stands. The Grandstand is the main stand and is two tiered and the others, Canton, Ninian and Grange are single tier. Away fans are accommodated in the corner between the Ninian and Grange stands.
Inside the stadium the concourses are spacious with the usual selection of food and drink, both alcoholic and non alcoholic, available.
There are no recommended pubs near the stadium and so it is advised to use those in the city centre before moving on to the match.
There is a superstore at the stadium and also one in the St. David’s Centre in the city centre. Both are open seven days a week. Times can be viewed on official web site.
A stadium tour is also worth taking up and details for same can be obtained by emailing email@example.com .
BREAKFAST LUNCH DINNER
27-39 Wyndham Arcade, Cardiff
029 3023 1524