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NEWCASTLE

 

CITY

 

Introduction:

 

Newcastle is an important industrial city in the Metropolitan County of Tyne and Wear. It lies 8 miles from the North Sea on the north bank of the Tyne with a city population of 279,100.

 

Brief History:

 

The beginning of Newcastle began with the Normans when they built a wooden fort and bridge in the late eleventh century. A “new castle” was built in stone in the 13th century and the town took its name from this. Medieval Newcastle prospered in the middle ages partly due to the battles between England and Scotland which ensured many travellers passed through. Also, at this time, the export of wool, hides, lead and coal with spices and wine being luxury imports.

 

Eventually a wall was built around the town which contained seven gates and nineteen towers.

After Henry VIII closed the friaries and nunneries he did open a grammar school. The seventeenth century saw boom times. Coal exports reached 400,000 tons, the population rose. The town chose the King over Parliament in the civil war but was eventually taken by the roundheads. The eighteenth century saw new industries in the form of glass, iron, steel and clay pipes. Although there was poverty and slums the town gained a newspaper, hospital, street lighting, an assembly hall and theatre.

 

In 1801, the population was 28,000 and the rapid growth saw the formation of suburbia, together with the inner city being reconstructed with fine streets, such as Grey Street, Eldon Square and Leazes Terrace. By the end of the century the population had reached 215,000. The railways arrived from 1838 culminating in the High Bridge being built in 1849 so that the railway could run to London. Shipbuilding became a major industry.

 

In 1882 the town became a city and St. Nicholas Church became a Cathedral.

The twentieth century brought buses, museums, cinemas and the Tyne Bridge in 1928.

Post WW2 the traditional industries went into decline and new modern industries plus retail, university and tourism expanded.

 

The 21st Century has seen continuous prosperity with the population growing to nearly 279,100.

 

Things to Do:

 

For all public travel info phone Nexus traveline on 0871 200 2233 or visit the traveline web site.

 

Laing Art Gallery:

Located on New Bridge Street, NE1 8AG, this gallery houses paintings, sculpture, glass and silver. Artists include Gauguin, Turner and Henry Moore. A good selection of local art is on display. Open until 5pm Tuesday to Sunday, the gallery has a café and shop. The venue is a 5 minute walk from the Monument metro station which lies in the heart of the city. Parking is available at the nearby NCP car park. For further info visit the website or phone 0191 232 7734.

 

Newcastle Castle:

The castle is located in the centre of the city in St. Nicholas Street, just a 400 metre walk from the central station. The Black Gate and Castle have seen recent renovations and are some of the best medieval examples in Britain. Open from 10am to 5pm Monday to Sunday the admission prices are £6.50 for adults and £3.90 for children. Further information can be found on web site.

 

Great North Museum:

This museum is a specialist in natural history, local history and archaeology. There is also a planetarium and an extensive library. Situated at Barras Bridge, NE2 4PT, entrance is free. Haymarket metro and bus station is just a five minute walk away. Car travel not advised. Phone 0191 208 6765 or visit web site for further details.

 

Newcastle Cathedral:

Is the most northerly of England’s cathedrals and the site has been a place of worship for over 900 years. The cathedral of St. Nicholas is at the heart of the city. Some of the best ledger stones in Europe are found here together with some excellent stained glass windows. Open every day, there is a café for refreshments.

 

Hatton Gallery:

This interesting gallery houses some interesting pieces by Frances Bacon and Robert Jobling, and also features the Merz Barn Wall created by German artist Kurt Schwitters. This collage was originally created on the wall of a Lake District barn in 1947/48 and was transported to the Hatton and put in place in 1966.

The gallery is situated in Kings Road. NE1 7RU and is a five minute walk from the Haymarket metro station. Entrance is free.

 

Discovery Museum:

Based in Blandford Square, NE1 4JA, this free entry museum holds a good collection of maritime and social history, regimental militaria and costume items. There is also the best collection of scientific and technical material outside of London. A five minute walk from Central metro station and Central Station, the museum also has a shop and café.

 

Hadrian’s Wall:

Built from Carlisle to Wallsend, to the east of Newcastle, the wall was built by the Romans to keep the Scots out of England. At Wallsend there is the Segedunum Roman Fort, Baths and Museum. This World Heritage Site can be found at Buddle Street, Wallsend, NE28 6HR. Opening times are varied so the web site should be checked. Admission is £4.90 for adults and free for children.

The museum is a three minute walk from Wallsend metro and bus stations. There is a free car park. For further information phone 0191 278 4217 or by email to:-  info@segedunumromanfort.org.uk .

Much of the rest of Hadrian’s Wall between Newcastle to Carlisle is accessible.

 

Life Science Centre:

This is a great day out for both adults and children. The zones within the venue include Computer Games exhibition, Experiment, 4D Motion Ride, Planetarium, Curiosity, Anatomy and Science Theatre. It is very hands on. The entrance fee is £12.95 for adults and £7.50 for children and is open seven days a week. Located in Times Square, NE1 4EP, it is just a two minute walk from Newcastle Central Train and Metro stations. There is parking at Times Square Car Park. To contact the centre phone 0191 243 8210 or email to  info@life.org.uk.

 

Alnwick:

If a trip out of the city is sought then you could do worse than visiting beautiful Alnwick and its fantastic castle. It lies 40 minutes north on the A1. Alternatively take the train to Alnmouth (twenty eight minutes) and then on by bus (which takes eighteen minutes). The castle has been used as a location for many films and TV programmes including Harry Potter and Downton Abbey.

 

Gateshead:

Across the Tyne, Gateshead is a vibrant neighbour. Worth checking out are Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art,  Shipley Art Gallery and Sage Gateshead. The town is also home to Gateshead International Stadium, a leading athletics venue.

 

Night Life:

With a large student population a good night out is guaranteed in Newcastle. There is a big club scene with the current favourites including Floritas/House of Smith, Riverside and O2 Academy. Pubs and bars abound in the city centre and Quayside plus a good selection in Jesmond.

If theatre is preferred then there is a good choice of drama, musicals, ballet and opera to be found at the Theatre Royal, in Grey Street, Tyne Theatre and Opera House, in Westgate Road, Northern Stage, at Barras Bridge and Live Theatre, at Broad Chare in Quayside. Information on all can be found by Googling:-  Newcastle Theatres.

 

Cinemas are provided, in various locations, by Vue, Empire, Tyneside and Odeon groups.

The city has its own Gay Village centred on Scotswold Road.

 

Eating Out:

With a good range of cafes, restaurants, and pub food, all selling food from around the world, then eating out in Newcastle and Gateshead is a pleasure.

 

Shopping:

Newcastle/Gateshead is the shopping mecca for  North East England. In the city centre is Eldon Square, a major mall, plus John Lewis, Fenwick and Debenhams department stores. Alongside these are a large range of national chain stores and small local shops and boutiques.

Across the river in Gateshead is the Metro Centre which is one of Europe’s largest malls. With 330 shops, which include favourite department stores, there are also cinemas, bowling, dodgems and 60 restaurants, cafes, bars and coffee shops.

Within the Newcastle local area can also be found Team Valley Retail Park, Dalton Park Outlet, Grainger Market and High Bridge Quarter.

 

Accommodation:-

International hotel groups, local hotels, guest houses, bed and breakfast establishments, pubs and hostels cater for all visitors to the city. Various web sites can be checked out for availability.

 

Transport:

 

Buses:

Nearly forty bus routes serve the centre of Newcastle and suburbs.

North of the city the major residential towns and villages have connections to the city. These include Blyth, Morpeth, Alnwick, Tynemouth, Whitley Bay and Newcastle Airport.

Similarly, to the south of the city, into County Durham, routes serve Durham, Chester-le-Street, Washington, Sunderland and Beamish.

There are also night buses serving Gateshead, Sunderland, Washington and Durham.

For full route and timetable information check out the nexus traveline web site.

 

Metro:

Newcastle is one of the few British cities that operate an underground/overground rail system. The routes were basically formed from original railway tracks which have been adapted and extended.

There are two lines. One (Green) runs from Newcastle Airport to South Hylton via Haymarket, Monument, Central Station, Gateshead and Sunderland.

The other (Yellow) runs from St. James (city centre) to South Shields via Monument, Wallsend, North Shields, Tynemouth, Whitley Bay, South Gosforth, Jesmond, Gateshead and Jarrow.

 

Road:

Travelling to Newcastle by road basically means using just two main roads. The A1 from Edinburgh passes through Berwick-on-Tweed and Alnwick, on its way to Newcastle. South of the Tyne the A1 travels on to Darlington, then east of Leeds and Sheffield. At this point the road splits to also form the M1. Both the A1 and M1 end up at London.

The other route is the A69 to Carlisle. At Carlisle the A69 joins the M6 which goes north to Glasgow and south to Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham and by changing to the M5, also Bristol, South West England and South Wales.

 

Railway:

Newcastle Central Station is one of the iconic railway buildings in Britain. To pass over the Tyne on the railway bridge leading into the city is a great experience. Newcastle Central Station lies on the Great Eastern route from London to Edinburgh/Glasgow/Aberdeen/Inverness via Peterborough, York, Darlington and Durham. Trains from all over the UK go to Newcastle and there are further local routes to Carlisle and Sunderland.

 

Air:

Newcastle Airport lying to the north west of the city has planes flying to 74 domestic and European destinations, plus to Dubai and New York. The airport is accessed by bus, metro and taxi from the city centre.

 

Taxis:

Seven companies run taxis in the city.

 

 

NEWCASTLE UNITED

 

Stadium: St. James’ Park. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. NE1 4ST

 

Founded:1892    

                                             

Joined League:1893

 

Chairman: Mike Ashley

                           

Manager: Rafael Benitez

 

Current League: Premier League

 

Phone Number: 0844 372 1892

 

Email: via official web site.

 

Brief History:

 

After many small teams were formed in the area from 1877 by 1890 the main rivals were East End and West End. In 1892 the West End club conceded defeat and handed East End the means to form the main club in the area and also by passing on St. James Park, Newcastle United was formed. At this time the club changed its colours to Black and White stripes, becoming the Magpies.

 

The new club was keen to join Division One of the Football League but was instead invited to join the newly formed Division Two, in 1893. At the end of the 1890s the Magpies won promotion to the top flight and became League champions in 1905. Before WW1 arrived there were other League titles, in 1907 and 1909, followed by an FA Cup win in 1910. During this period they also reached four other FA Cup finals. They also won the Charity Shield in 1909

.

Post WW1 further success followed with another League title in 1927 and further FA Cup wins in 1924 and 1932. This last final was controversial as it was thought the second goal had been scored by United after the ball had crossed the base line to go out of play. The referee, however, allowed the goal to stand which defeated Arsenal 2-1. In 1934 the club beat Liverpool 9-2 and Everton 7-3, in the space of seven days, but was relegated to the Second Division.

 

Post WW2 the club was promoted back to the top flight, in front of a season average of 57,000 spectators, in 1948. The 1950’s, with the likes of “Wor Jackie” Milburn, Ivor Allchurch, Bobby “Dazzler” Mitchell and George Eastham in the team, United won the FA Cup in 1951, 1952 and 1955. Then, to follow, was a period of decline, resulting in relegation in 1961. They returned in 1965 to the top flight and qualified for Europe in 1968. The result was the Magpies winning the European Cup Winners Cup in 1969.

 

This, however, was the end of the clubs major trophy wins. Since then they have bounced between the top two divisions on a regular basis. Even with such star players as Bryan “Pop” Robson, Bobby Moncur, Malcolm MacDonald and Kevin Keegan, honours were elusive.

Eventually Sir John Hall took over the club and St. James Park was redeveloped.

The club also had the likes of Kevin Keegan and Kenny Dalglish as managers together with excellent players such as Alan Shearer in the team but still could not win a trophy. They did become runners up twice in the League though. This lead to European football again, including qualifying for the Champions League.

 

An epic match at Gallowgate saw United beat the mighty Barcelona 3-2 in front of a worldwide audience of 200 million. The rest of that campaign fizzled out after that euphoric win.

Since the Millennium the club have become the “nearly men” on a few occasions but after a poor campaign in season 2015/16, the club were relegated to the Championship. However, the club bounced back and gained promotion back to the Premier League at end of season 2016/17.

 

Honours:  

 

League Champions :

1905.  1907.  1909.  1927.

                           

F A Cup Winners:

1910.  1924.  1932.  1951.  1952.  1955.

.                            

Charity Shield Winners:

1909.

                                               

European Cup Winners Cup Winners:

1969.

                       

Match Day:

 

Tickets:

Away fans should check with their own clubs regarding tickets.

There are several ways to purchase tickets:- By phone on 0844 372 1892, by going on line, or by visiting the ticket office at the ground. This office can be found in Strawberry Place and opening times are Monday to Friday until 5.30pm, Saturday until 6pm and Sunday until 5pm.

There is also a ticket office in the Blue Quadrant in the Metro centre in Gateshead.

 

Transport:

 

Bus:

From towns and villages in Northumberland buses arrive at Haymarket and from County Durham they arrive at Eldon Square. From there it is a short walk to the stadium.

 

Metro:

If using the Yellow line alight at St. James. Leave the train at Haymarket if using the Green line. From both these stations it is a very short walk to the ground.

 

Rail:

After arriving at Newcastle Central, it is, again, just a short stroll to the stadium.

 

Car:

If travelling by car use one of the two match park and ride schemes.

One is at Green Park, just west of the A1 and the other uses the Metro centre in Gateshead.

These operate for 3 hours before and after matches.

 

Air:

From the Airport take the Metro, bus or taxi to the stadium.

 

Stadium:

Its location, its capacity, its history, its atmosphere, makes St. James’ Park (Gallowgate) the envy of many clubs and their fans.

 

The ground has been used by Newcastle United since the club was formed in 1892. However, football has been played here since 1880. The location, whilst excellent, has been a source of planning disputes for decades. This is the reason why the East Stand, the smallest, has not been developed to the impressive architectural design of the other three stands. Gallowgate Stand (officially the Newcastle Brown Ale Stand) got its name because of its proximity to the old gallows of the city. Leazes End (officially the Sir John Hall Stand) lies at the northern end and the Milburn Stand, named after fifties star Jackie Milburn, fills the west side. The cantilever roof over the Leazes/Milburn stands is the largest such structure in Europe.

 

Away fans are housed in the upper level of the Leazes stand but this has caused criticism due to its distance from the pitch and the fourteen flights of steps to reach there.

 

The capacity of this all seater stadium is 52,404 making it the fourth largest League football arena in England. It has hosted international football and rugby, and rock concerts. The facilities for away fans, on the concourse, are excellent with usual fare and television screens. Being right in the city centre the choice of pubs and food outlets is excellent, although away fans do tend to congregate around the Central Station.

 

There are various stadium tours, at varying prices, so the club should be contacted regarding same, on the club phone number. Gift tokens for tours can also be purchased, as presents. The Gallowgate stand has a large shop and the Milburn stand includes a café and club museum.

 

 

 

Newcastle Cityscape (by Free Foto.com). newv