Sheffield is one of the top five largest cities in England. Located in South Yorkshire, on the Rivers Sheaf and Don, the city is world famous for its quality steel products.
Although it has been in existence since the 12th century, when there was a castle and a church, Sheffield initially grew very slowly. In medieval times it was still the size of a village but cutlery was known to be produced from the early 1300s.
By 1600 it had grown to be the most important maker of cutlery, outside London, and had other trades such as wool weaving. The population was very poor but a Cutler’s House was built in 1638, which was preceded by a grammar school. By the late 17th century the population began to grow and more steel components were being built, mainly tools.
By the 1700s Sheffield had become a good sized, but grimy industrial town with very much poverty. However, Georgian England saw industry boom, including the invention of silver plate, which meant household items such as candlesticks and teapots could be made. The River Don was made navigable into the centre of the city.
By the 1851 census the population had reached 135,000. Back to Back houses were built for the working classes and smarter homes for the middle classes sprang up in the Glossop Road area. In 1856 Henry Bessemer invented a new way of producing quality steel and production soared. Throughout the Victorian era the trappings of modern life were introduced. Water, sanitation, gas, trams, sewers, library etc. In 1893 city status was achieved and a new Town Hall was built.
The beginning of the 20th century saw a population of 400,000. The city’s industries were very important in WW1 but this meant bombing by Zeppelins. Post war saw depression, unemployment, but also the beginning of slum clearance. The Second World War saw the same high production coupled with the inevitable bombing. The city boundaries expanded post world war and lots of new council housing built. However, the traditional industries went into decline and more service industry employment came into being. There was also the Universities and expansion of retail and tourism to help create a more diverse economy. Investment was also put into a new Super Tram system.
The 21st century sees Sheffield in a reasonable place for the future and with a current population of 551.000, making it one of the largest cities in England.
Things to Do:
For transport in the city check out www.travelsouthyorkshire.com.
Kelham Island Museum:
This industrial museum sits on a 900 year old man- made island. It has archives and interactive galleries showing the trades, workmanship and heavy industry in Sheffield as the Industrial Revolution took place. It also follows the growth of the Sheffield steel industry during the Victorian era and on through two world wars. Open Sunday to Thursday entrance is £5.50 for adults and free for children and is located in Alma Street, S3 8RY. Take buses to Mowbray Street or Gibraltar Street, or a 25 minute walk from Sheffield Station or tram to Shalesmoor tram stop. There is a café/bistro and shop.
The site of the cathedral has been a place of worship for 1000 years. The first church was built in the 12th century and it was made a cathedral in 1914. There are tours and a Heritage centre which traces the history of the city and the cathedral. The cathedral which is located in Church Street, S1 1HA has a café. Buses and a tram pass nearby and parking is in nearby public car parks.
Built in the 15th century this house is a very good example of a timber frame building. Open all year on Saturdays and Sundays the house is located in Meersbrook Park. There a couple of cafes nearby. Admission is free and full details can be found at www.bishopshouse.org.uk.
Weston Park Museum:
Is the Museum of Sheffield which tells the city’s story from Pre-History to the present day. Entrance is free and is open every day. There is a shop in the museum.
The museum can be found at Weston Park which is a beautiful attraction in its own right.
Both should be visited using public transport from the city centre, routes 51 and 52. Street parking is practically nonexistent. Full details can be found at www.museums-sheffield.org.uk.
To the west of Sheffield lies the Peak District, England’s first National Park. It is a great area for walking and rock climbing, together with pretty villages. Accessible are Bakewell, home of the Bakewell tart, and Speedwell Cavern, where an underground boat ride in a lead mine is a great experience. Check out all to see and do at www.peakdistrict.gov.uk.
Sheffield Botanical Gardens:
This is a beautiful place to visit with a big variety of gardens including Victorian, Mediterranean, Asia and Prairie themes. There is also a magnificent Pavilion with plants from all around the world. At the main entrance is a café and shop,
Located on Clarkehouse Road, S10 2LN, it can be accessed by bus using routes which should be checked out as above. There is no parking on site and same is limited on road nearby.
With over 20 night clubs a good night out in Sheffield is guaranteed. These clubs are spread from West Street, City Hall City Centre to Hallam University area. Added to the club scene are a couple of dozen quality bars to visit. Check out www.sheffieldnights.com. There are also a couple of gay bars/clubs and a gay sauna.
The Lyceum Theatre is a fine example of a late Victorian/Edwardian Theatre and after closure, followed by bingo, the theatre was saved and now puts on musicals, drama, panto etc. The theatre can be found in Tudor Square, S1 1DA.
The Crucible theatre was built in 1971 and as well as theatrical performances, the venue is well known for holding the World Snooker Championship, annually. Its location is Norfolk Street, S1 1DA.
Sheffield Arena is a large venue which hosts major music gigs and sporting events. It is located in Broughton Lane, S9.
There is also the O2 Academy which holds music gigs and concerts.
Ice Skating and Hockey can be found at iceSheffield in Coleridge Road, S9 5DA.
Ten Pin bowling can be found at Broughton Road, S9 2EP.
Cinema is provided by Odeon, Vue and Cineworld chains plus the Showroom independent venue.
Cuisine of many nationalities can be found in the city and its environs. Whether your taste is Indian, Far Eastern, American or European, you will find something for your palate in the independent restaurants.
Alternatively, national chains abound alongside some very good gastro pubs and down to cafes and coffee houses.
Being one of the country’s biggest cities it is expected that it would be a major shopping centre and it does not disappoint.
Probably the most well-known of its retail areas is Meadow Hall, a massive mall that lies close to the M1. Containing 270 stores the range is large department stores, national chains, fashion, homewares and includes cafes and restaurants.
In the city centre there is Fargate, close to the cathedral and leading to John Lewis. This pedestrianised street contains national chains with an emphasis on fashion. Then there is The Moor market which is undercover and holds 196 stalls. Produce on sale ranges from fruit and vegetable to meats, fish and newsagents and service counters. Eccleshall Road, known locally as the Golden Mile, is an artistic fashionable street which houses trendy boutiques alongside bars and restaurants. There are also specialised shops within the city selling locally produced goods made of famous Sheffield steel.
Hotels range from 4* national and international chains, down to budget, guest house and pub accommodation. These can be found within the city centre and out to the suburbs and nearby countryside.
Sheffield has a huge bus structure in place with over 70 routes, principally provided by First and Stagecoach bus companies. The centre for same is Sheffield Interchange located on Pond Street between Sheffield Station and Odeon Cinema. From the centre routes fan out throughout the city centre to the suburbs and then to nearby towns such as Doncaster, Chesterfield, Rotherham and Buxton. The Interchange is also used by National Express.
There are three lines that operate in the city. The Yellow route joins Meadowhall to Middlewood, the Purple route joins Herdings Park and Cathedral and the Blue route joins Main Bridge to Half Way. Both Yellow and Blue pass by Hillsborough.
Leaving the M1 north at Leeds the M62 goes to Manchester and Liverpool, where the M6 can be joined for north west England and the West Midlands. The M1 south leads to the East Midlands, London and South East England.
Locally, the A61 takes you south to Chesterfield and the A57 east to Worksop. Within the city centre a ring road is formed by the A61, Hanover Way and Netherthorpe Road.
Sheffield Station is located at Sheaf Street, S1 2BP. Sheffield trains to the capital terminate at London St. Pancras.
For other Midlands, south west and east destinations, the trains go via Derby.
Other main connections are to Doncaster and on to Hull/Grimsby and to Manchester, Liverpool and north west England. For Scotland and north east England proceed via Doncaster. Check out www.nationalrail.co.uk.
The nearest airport is Doncaster/Sheffiled (Robin Hood) and can be reached by the A1M to Doncaster and then taking the A638 to the south east of the town. From the airport destinations include the UK, Europe and North Africa. Further afield routes include New York, Chicago, Boston, Toronto and Montego Bay. Check out www.robinhoodairport.com.
Alternatively, Leeds/Bradford can be accessed.
There are about 15 firms that run taxi services throughout the city and to airports.
Stadium: Bramall Lane. Sheffield. S2 4SU
Chairman: Kevin McCabe
Manager: Chris Wilder
Current League: Championship
Phone Number: 0114 253 7200
The club was formed in 1889, at Bramall Lane, by Sheffield United Cricket Club. After a 0-13 defeat by Bolton Wanderers the club decided they needed to join a League and did so by signing up to the Midlands Counties League. They then switched to the Northern League and were then invited to join the Football League in 1892.
They were then promoted to Division One in 1893 and then spent the next 37 years in the top flight. During that time they won the League title in 1898 and were runners up in 1897 and 1900. FA Cup triumphs were attained in 1899, 1902, 1915 and in 1925, their first Wembley appearance.
Unfortunately the good times came to an end and in 1934, after the sale of prolific striker, Jimmy Dunne, they were relegated. However, after a few near misses, they were promoted back to the top flight, in 1939, just pipping fierce rivals Sheffield Wednesday to second spot in Division Two.
Post war and relegation again in 1948/49 but a return again to Division One in 1953. From this point it was in reality a yo-yo existence with relegations and promotions between the top two Leagues, until 1979, when Division Three beckoned for the first time in their history. Tragedy in 1981. A last minute penalty was missed when playing Walsall and this condemned the Blades to relegation to Division Four, instead of their opponents. The turnaround started immediately and by 1984 were playing again in the second level. Top flight football returned for United in 1990 and in 1992 were founder members of the Premier League, and their player Brian Deane was the first goal scorer in the new League.
Relegation in 1996 saw the Blades reside in the second level for the next twelve seasons. After a further period of yo-yo they were back in the third level, for the first time in 23 years, in 2011.
A further promotion was gained in season 2016/17. United will renew their rivalry with close neighbours Wednesday in the Championship.
League Champions :
F A Cup Winners:
1899. 1902. 1915. 1925.
Away fans should check with their own club about buying tickets.
To purchase tickets contact the ticket office at email@example.com or by phoning 0114 253 7200. Alternatively, tickets can be bought at the Ticket Office at the stadium.
Many bus routes serve the ground. From Sheffield Interchange the services are 47 and 48 to Shoreham Street and 53 to Queen’s Road.
From Arundel Gate services 33, 43, 44, 44a and 252 will take you to Bramall Lane.
From High Street services 20/20a, 25/25a, 75, 76, 97 & 98 will take you to London Road/John Street.
Take the Blue and Purple routes from Halfway and Herdings Park to Granville Road tram stop which is a 10 minute walk to Bramall Lane.
From Sheffield Station it is just a mile walk to Bramall Lane.
From the south take the M1 to junction 29 and then the A617 towards Chesterfield. Then proceed on the A61 to Dronfield and Sheffield.
From the north take the M1 to junction 33 and then onto the A617 and turn into the A61, past the station and onto the ground.
From the east, as the north.
From the west enter the city by the A57 then onto Upper Hanover Street and continue to Bramall lane.
There is no parking at the ground but off street parking can be found at Atkinsons, Charter Row, S1 4HR, or Eyre Street, S1 4QW, or Rockingham Way, S1 4JD.
The nearest airports are Robin Hood and Leeds/Bradford, as Air above.
Alternatively taxis from throughout the city will take you to Bramall Lane.
Home of Sheffield United throughout its history, Bramall Lane was a major football venue in the 19th century. It hosted the first world’s first football tournament, the first floodlit match, and matches with Sheffield and London teams which lead to the establishment of agreed rules. Sheffield Wednesday and Sheffield FC also used it for their major matches. The stadium has also hosted test cricket, rugby league, pop concerts and of course football such as FA Cup semi-finals, an FA Cup final replay and England internationals. It is now the oldest, current League ground in the world.
It is also one of a declining number of football stadiums that are located in city and town centres.
There are four stands, of equal height, mainly single tiered but with the exception of the two tiered Jessica Ennis Stand, which is behind one of the goals and has an electric scoreboard. The other stand behind a goal is the Kop which disappointingly has two large supporting pillars. The GAC (South) stand is rather plain but the Visit Malta stand, opened in 1996, is rather smart. This stand also holds the executive boxes.
Both ends of the Visit Malta stand have been filled in, with family seating in one corner and offices in the other.
Away fans are housed in the lower tier of the Jessica Ennis (Bramall Lane) stand. This provides good views and atmosphere. The away concourse has TV screens, a betting outlet and usual food and drink fare. Many pubs can be found around the ground, near the station and the city centre.
There is a club superstore based at the ground.
Stadium: Hillsborough Stadium. Sheffield. S6 1SW
Chairman: Dejphon Chansiri
Manager: Jos Luhukay
Current League: Championship
Phone Number: 0871 995 1867
Wednesday Cricket Club, based in Sheffield, decided in 1867 that they wanted a way of keeping their players fit during the winter and turned to football. By the 1880s the club were regularly playing in the FA Cup and professionalism was creeping up. The club eventually turned professional in 1887, were losers in the 1890 FA Cup Final but joined the League in 1892.
In 1896 they won the FA Cup beating Wolverhampton Wanderers 2-1.
The turn of the century saw the club’s fortunes soar with League titles in 1903 and 1904 and a further triumph in the FA Cup in 1907, when they beat Everton.
As usual the good times came to an end and not much happened for the next 20 years and in 1929 the name Wednesday was officially changed to Sheffield Wednesday. Happy days returned to Hillsborough with League titles in 1929 and 1930 and a third FA Cup was won in 1935.
Post war the club became yet another that yo-yoed between the top two divisions and in 1964 the betting scandal saw three players sent to prison and banned from football for life. A relegation in 1970 saw the Owls languish in Division 3 for the next five years but then under the manager ship of Jack Charlton and then Howard Wilkinson, they regained top flight status.
Further relegation and promotion resulted in a third spot in 1992 ensuring a UEFA place and membership of the Premier League the next season. That first season in the Premiership saw the Owls finish seventh and reaching the finals of both the FA Cup and League Cup, but losing both.
By the end of the 20th Century the bad vibes returned and the club dropped to the third tier and just avoided relegation to the bottom level in 2004. Rising again to the Championship, Division One beckoned again in 2009, even after completing the double over Sheffield United for the first time in 95 years.
Financial problems followed this relegation but in 2012 return to the Championship was achieved. This has subsequently seen a foreign takeover of the club, which is still playing in the Championship.
League Champions :
1903. 1904. 1929. 1930.
F A Cup Winners
1896. 1907. 1935.
Tickets:- Away fans should check with their own club about buying tickets.
The three ways to contact the ticket office is by phone on 0870 900 1867, by going online at www.shop.sheffieldwednesday.co,uk or in person at the stadium ticket office.
The stadium can be reached by a variety of bus routes.
From Sheffield Station/Flat Street Bus Terminus take services 53, 77 & 80.
From Angel Street take the 74 or 74a.
From Snig Hill take the 85 and 86 to Leppings Lane.
Route 57 from Sheffield Interchange to Stocksbridge passes Hillsborough.
The Yellow Route stops at Leppings Lane which is just a short walk away from Hillsborough.
Sheffield Railway station is 3 miles south of Hillsborough and from there a bus, as above, or taxi should be taken.
It is advised that visitors from the North, South and East use the same route to Hillsborough. Using the M1 exit at junction 36 and follow the A61 towards the city centre. Travel this road until the second roundabout and take the third exit into Leppings Lane.
From the West take the A57 then fork left onto the A6101 for 3.75 miles. Find the A61, at Penistone Road, to Barnsley, and the stadium is on your left.
Parking can be found to the north of the stadium.
Taxis from the Railway Station and other areas of the city are a good option.
After residing in several homes the Owls moved to Bramall Lane. However, this was taken as Sheffield United’s stadium in 1887. After a couple of seasons at Olive Grove, the club moved to Hillsborough in 1889. This stadium was originally called Owlerton but was changed to its current name, which was also the name of the parliamentary constituency which it lies in, in 1914. It lies 3 miles north west of the city centre.
It has subsequently been used as an FA Cup semi-final venue and in 1966 was a host ground to the World Cup. However, in 1989, a major disaster. Ninety six fans were killed at the FA Cup Semi-Final tie between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest. This resulted in an era of all seater stadia for the top two English Leagues. The record attendance, pre all seater stadiums is 72841 v Manchester City in 1934. Post all seater the record is 39732.
The current four stands are:-
The North, opened in 1961 and runs the full length of the pitch. The West Stand (Leppings Lane End), built in 1965, lies behind one of the goals and is where away fans are accommodated.
The South Stand, is the biggest of the four and lies along a bank of the River Don. This is an Archibald Leitch designed stand and contains the clubs famous old clock. The main reception, press box, executive boxes etc. are also housed in this structure.
Spion Kop, dating back to 1914, is one of the largest single tiered stands in English football.
Filling in the corners are North West, Kop and South West corners, the last one holding the electronic scoreboard.
The concourse for away fans sells the usual fare at a reasonable price and there are a number of pubs and food outlets to be found on the A61.
The stadium contains a superstore and tours of the ground can be undertaken.
BREAKFAST LUNCH DINNER
2 St. Paul's Place. Sheffield
0114 272 3342